Egyptians recognize that they have little time to overcome the power of the traditional elite groups and put in place the rules and the institutions needed to guarantee the rights of all citizens, especially those who were marginalized under the Mubarak regime. At the same time, they need to deal with the legacy of past abuses. They need to express their sense of justice by dealing with those who escaped it or suffered from its absence under the Mubarak regime. The challenge is to create a sense of closure without slowing the process of creating a more democratic society.
- Removing Mubarak from office - completed
- Dissolving the People's Assembly and Shura Council - completed
- Canceling the emergency law – promised before Parliamentary elections in September. However, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces has backtracked. Their Law No. 34 of 2011 stipulates a prison sentence and a fine of up to 50,000 Egyptian Pounds (about $8,400) for anyone who takes part in or encourages others to join a sit-in or any other activity that prevents, delays or disrupts the work of public institutions or public authorities. If there is any violence or if protests damage public and private property, lead to the “destruction of means of production” or cause harm to “national unity and public security and order,” the fine rises to 500,000 Egyptian Pounds (about $84,000) with at least a year’s imprisonment.
- Prosecuting individuals responsible for the murder of revolution martyrs –Ex-Minister of Interior El Adli and four high ranking security officials were referred to trial for ordering murders of protestors. Mubarak is being questioned about his role. The Minister of Justice expects to charge him for the deaths of protestors, and says he may be eligible for the death penalty.
- Prosecuting those responsible for major corruption – Many ex-government leaders and businesspeople have been charged. Ex-Minister of Interior El Adli was sentenced to 12 years for corruption.
- Releasing political prisoners – Thousands of prisoners were released during the revolution. Dozens of Islamist political prisoners have been released since then, including two who were imprisoned for assassinating President Anwar Sadat. Hundreds remain in prison.
- Abolishing State Security – completed, but the fate of officers is unclear.
- Dissolving the National Democratic Party and transferring its assets to the state – completed
- Comprehensive reform of the Ministry of Interior – No plans identified
After their horrible experience under President Mubarak, Egyptians truly need transitional justice. The efforts of the revolutionary youth provided an important focus on addressing the obstacles to progress. The Egyptian Movement for Transitional Justice has provided a clearer picture of the steps that must be taken. Pressure from these groups has forced the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to undertake some actions that the vast majority of Egyptians never dreamed would occur in their lifetime.